Mischaracterizing wildlife trade and its impacts may mislead policy processes (Open Access)
Overexploitation is a key driver of biodiversity loss but the relationship between the use and trade of species and conservation outcomes is not always straightforward. Accurately characterizing wildlife trade and understanding the impact it has on wildlife populations are therefore critical to evaluating the potential threat trade poses to species and informing local to international policy responses. However, a review of recent research that uses wildlife and trade-related databases to investigate these topics highlights three relatively widespread issues: (1) mischaracterization of the threat that trade poses to certain species or groups, (2) misinterpretation of wildlife trade data (and illegal trade data in particular), resulting in the mischaracterization of trade, and (3) misrepresentation of international policy processes and instruments. This is concerning because these studies may unwittingly misinform policymaking to the detriment of conservation, for example by undermining positive outcomes for species and people along wildlife supply chains. Moreover, these issues demonstrate flaws in the peer-review process. As wildlife trade articles published in peer-reviewed journals can be highly influential, we propose ways for authors, journal editors, database managers, and policymakers to identify, understand, and avoid these issues as we all work towards more sustainable futures.
Challender, D. W. S., Brockington, D., Hoffmann, M., Kolby, J. E., Massé, F., Natusch, D. J. D., Oldfield, T. E. E., Outhwaite, W., Sas-Rolfes, M., Conde, D., & Milner-Gulland, E. J. Mischaracterizing wildlife trade and its impacts may mislead policy processes. Conservation Letters. 2021;e12832. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12832
Published: Aug 2021 | Categories: Research Articles
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"There is no one-size-fits-all solution for detecting wildlife trading online. Our study establishes a framework for thinking about how different sectors of illicit or harmful activity can be understood & moderated more effectively," said @orchiddelirium.